On the evening of July 5, the news of singer Li Yan died of depression that everyone who loved her was sad.People are shocked. Why do such a person who has always brought warmth and joy to fans, why do they end their lives?Intersection
Just recently, my clinic has a beautiful girl, 35 years old, and is currently the most difficult stage.Don’t look at her happiness in the circle of friends every day, few people know that she is not happy.She said: "Looking at the piles of folders in the computer, I always cry silently, and I returned home with a tired body and mind every day. I didn’t want to do anything. My appetite was significantly reduced.Even ending life … "
This is depression. The main clinical characteristics are based on the symptoms of continuous mood, decreased interest, and reduction of activities, which can cause serious adverse events such as self -harm and light life.It is like an invisible knife, chopping our body and mind a little bit.
I am a spiritual science doctor. Among my visitors, many people have mentioned a question: Doctor, we see in magazines that women are more likely to suffer from depression. Is this true?Why is it?
Indeed, in recent years, many scholars have conducted a lot of research on the gender differences of depression. They believe that women have become more obvious due to factors such as physiological, psychological, social, and cultural factors. The incidence of depression is about twice that of men.
Why is it easier for girls to be unhappy?
Generally speaking, the genetic degree of depression is about 30%to 40%, while women’s genetic risk is higher than men.Women’s emotions are vulnerable to environmental factors, and under bad environments, genetic factors will increase the susceptibility to specific mental disorders.
Of course, female hormones are also an important influencing factor in depression.Don’t underestimate the changes in hormone levels, hormones can regulate multiple neurotransal systems that participate in the development of depression in the brain, as well as the sensitivity of the individual’s environmental factors.From adolescence, pregnancy to menopause, women in different life cycles are accompanied by changes in ovarian hormone levels, and the severe changes in hormones will cause the risk of depression to increase significantly.
Studies have shown that the early stress and postpartum mood, and the anxiety of menopause is the result of the unstable female hormone.
There is a magical little guy in our brain -almond core.It is small, but is closely related to human emotional regulation. It plays an important role in emotional response and emotional memory.
Scientists have found that female depression patients are more obvious than that of male patients. Although the decrease in the decrease in female almond volume in adolescence is not directly related to depression risk, it may cause women to increase the sensitivity of negative events, and then increase the prevalenceRisk of depression.
In addition, women with more than men’s sleep disorders can cause people’s thinking and memory loss, endocrine disorders, mental deficiency, anxiety and irritability, and even induced or aggravated mental pain and cause depression.
Men who love sports and "psychological anti -男" lady
From adolescence, women’s emotional instability has been significantly higher than men.Women are more likely to experience anxiety, anger, guilt and depression.Female friends are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as "dangerous signals" and see small setbacks as "big grinds".This trait is also a high -risk factor for depression.Under normal circumstances, men have greater physiological reactions to social psychological stress, such as words and deeds that attack others.And women’s stress response is relatively weak. Treating negative life events, they are more inclined to attribute the reason to their own abilities or their own personality.From the perspective of evolution, this phenomenon is to protect the impact of the fetus from the mother’s stress.
However, the weaker response transfer is related to higher depression risks.Based on the "spiritual vent" theory, the timely venting of negative emotions experienced is a key factor in maintaining mental health. If the anger you experienced for a long time will eventually lead to depression.
In terms of hinting, women are more likely to accept hints. Most women are kind and compassionate, and at the same time they are more fragile, unable to hide their words, vanity and self -esteem, and they are more eager to get close interpersonal relationships and get others and society.In the face of interpersonal stress and negative sexual life, women are easier to worry about this than men.
Psychologists found that when emotional low occurred, men liked to vent and get rid of depression by participating in sports activities.Relatively speaking, women’s willingness to move is less, and they will not involuntarily "psychological anti -psychological", that is, the possible causes of the mood of emotions repeatedly and given possible explanations to passively experience the pain and repeatedly experience their depression, which will also extend their depressionmood.Long -term negative results and helpless expectations will eventually lead to despair and may progress as depression.
Two factors may make women stronger inside
Here we must also tell you an interesting phenomenon: the higher the social and economic status and education level of women, the smaller the risk of depression.This can be understood in this way: Generally, women with higher education levels have more comprehensive acceptance when dealing with life events, more solutions, and relatively good mentality.
In addition, the negative incidents in the early growth experience will form a "inseparable knot".In the subsequent life, as long as there is "awakening" of related events or scenes, emotions such as pain, anxiety, and inferiority will reproduce, making life invisible to the sun.
Talking about the above list, everyone should be able to know why women are more susceptible to depression.At present, experts from all over the world are paying high attention to women’s depression and advocating the establishment of a warm and spacious social and family support system.In addition, experts also advocated that women should grow themselves and make reasonable psychological adjustments, and advance with the times with "good self -efficacy".
The last thing I want to tell you is that every time there is an incident that we don’t want to see, we will think about life.Yes, I hope everyone will think about their lives from time to time, and often accept some new ideas and ideas.The essence of modern civilization is that it is unsuccessful and continuously updated.Er Nai is a beautiful woman, and after storms, the world is still worth it.
(Deputy Chief Physician of Qiao Ying Shanghai Mental Health Center)
Source: Wen report