China News Service, July 22nd. Question: What is the frequent incident of "ghost children" in South Korea?
Author Liu Xu Wan Jiaxin
Recently, the "ghost children" case in South Korea has attracted much attention.On July 18, local time, the results of the "ghost children" case issued by the Ministry of Health and Welfare of South Korea stated that there were more than 2,100 "ghost children" in South Korea, of which 249 were confirmed to die, accounting for nearly 12%.
"Ghost Children" refers to babies born in the hospital but not registered but not registered.The "Ghost Children" incident continued to be upgraded and fermented, and the survey results once again caused South Korean public opinion to shock, and all sectors of Korea began to explore the reasons behind the "ghost children" phenomenon.
Data Map: On the streets of Korea, the crowd is crossing the road.
The beginning and end of the Korean "Ghost Children’s Case"
According to the Yonhap News Agency reported on June 22, the South Korean Procuratorate revealed that the South Korean Procuratorate conducted regular inspections on the Ministry of Health and Welfare from March this year to observe whether the South Korean government’s welfare system had loopholes.However, it was found that a total of more than 2,000 people born from 2015 to 2022 were not registered after birth.So the procuratorate randomly sampled more than 20 of more than 2,000 people, allowing police and local autonomous groups to conduct detailed investigations.
While conducting a sample survey of a 34 -year -old woman in Mizuhara City, South Korea, the procuratorate found that the woman gave birth to her daughter at 2 pm on November 3, 2018, and took it home the next dayLater.On November 19, 2019, she gave birth to another baby boy and killed the baby in the same way on the way home from the hospital.
South Korean police said that the bodies of the two babies were stored in the refrigerator for four or seven months and three years and seven months, respectively.The suspect said that the corpse was stored in the refrigerator "there was no special reason."
In addition to analyzing A digital tracking data and hospital diagnosis and treatment records, the Korean procuratorial organs also passed medical consultation commissioned, autopsy and appraisal, etc., based on the evidence that A was not prepared at all at the time of childbirth.Good murder conclusion.
On July 18, local time, Cui Luoying (Yin), the prosecutor of the Minister of Crime Investigation of the Ministry of Procuratorate of the Ministry of Procuratorate of the South Korean Local Procuratorate, said that the suspect of the "Waterfront refrigerator case" was transferred to the court for trialEssence
The cases of unregistered babies such as the "Waterfront refrigerator" and other cases that were not registered and abandoned were caused by public opinion.The Korean government has investigated the "ghost child" issue since June 28.
Korean media also disclosed a number of cases involving "ghost children" involved in the recent investigation of the police:
In April 2019, in Datian City, about 139 kilometers south of Seoul, a mother was negligible after giving birth to a child and did not feed the child for three days, causing the child to be starved to death;
On July 2, 2023, Police from Qingshangnan, South Korea, said that he had arrested a man in his 20s and a 30 -year -old woman because they strangled their children and discarded their bodies and discarded their bodies.In a river near Juji, Qingshangnan.
From June 28th to 7th of this month, the Ministry of Health and Welfare and local governments conducted a census of 2123 children’s cases.The survey results show that 249 people were confirmed by 2123 "unparalleled children" who were born from 2015 to 2022 but have not been born, accounting for 11.7%.Another 1025 people survived, and 814 people had to investigate further, and the remaining 35 people had misunderstood the medical institution.Police initially identified the guardians of seven dead children (8 people) for suspected crime and had been inspected for relevant cases.
Why is the "ghost child" incident frequently?
While the results of the "ghost children" in South Korea were made public, what were the reasons behind the frequent emergence of "ghost children"?
According to the "Seoul News", Kim Yunxin (Yin), a professor at the School of Medicine of the Korean University of Korea, published a paper entitled "Analysis of Forensic Medicine Analysis of Forensic Medicine of Abandoning Babies and Death".Jin Yunxin collected 91 cases of abandoning babies and abandoning babies from 2013 to 2021, and 20 cases of babies under the age of 1 who were repeated or lacking detailed information for the victims (10 cases of death, 10 cases of the victims were repeated or lacking detailed information.10 abandoned) analyzed.
The results showed that according to age, 13 cases were abandoned in their childhood in their 20s, accounting for 65%.The second was 3 cases in their 30s, 2 cases in their 10s, and 1 case in their 40s; divided by marriage status, 18 cases of unmarried mothers and 2 were married.One of the two married 2 cases was given birth in extramarital affairs, but the other was the pregnancy and childbirth of the husband and wife. It is worth mentioning that the mother who abandoned the child with her husband had abandoned the baby twice on the grounds of economic situation.
According to surveys, these abandoned babies are often due to more than two reasons, the most reason is that "fear of being known by others" (12).Among them, they were afraid of being known by their parents, and there were 7.In addition, there are family members (1 case), stepfather (1 case), spouse (1 case), etc.
The second reason for abandoning babies is "difficulty in raising due to economic reasons" (8).Of the 20 cases, only one was sentenced to sentence and 19 was implemented slowly.At the same time, two of the 20 cases, that is, 10%of the cases had a crime of abandoning babies again.
The paper research team pointed out: "In order to prevent abandoned infants from crime, our society should formulate responsible sexual behavior education and the fundamental policy countermeasures to consider economic conditions. We should actively intervene in mothers who are unwilling to get pregnant and childbirth."
Another Korean media analysis believes that the large number of "ghost children" incidents have exposed the loopholes of South Korea ’s birth registration system.
According to the provisions of the South Korean "Resident Registration Law", parents need to register their births within one month of birth, but if they violate the regulations, the fine is only 50,000 won (about RMB 277), and the hospital is not obliged to the government to the governmentReport baby birth.This means that if the baby does not register for the population, it will be difficult to expose that they are abandoned or killed.
Park Mingshu, a professor at the Department of Social Welfare of Shangzhi University in South Korea, said that most of the abandoned baby incidents exposed this time were caused by unmarried mothers and "should be excavated and protected."
Park Mingshu (Yin) said: "I hope that children who will not be protected from the area from regional society will be limited by the role of public agencies alone, so it is necessary to cooperate, communicate, and discover the truth together."It is to change the understanding and establish a more complete system, so that pregnant women such as unmarried mothers can have children without hiding. "
Comprehensive investigation is slim feasible
In fact, if the entire survey target is expanded to before 2014, there may be more similar "ghost children" cases, because the "temporary newborn number" has been completely popular in South Korea since 2015.
The "Temporary Newborn Number" is a 7 -digit number given by Korean medical institutions for vaccination for new babies before birth.Newborn parents first enter the comprehensive management system of vaccination with temporary newborn numbers, and then apply for birth before applying for birth.
The South Korean Department of Disease Management said that although South Korea has used temporary newborn numbers since 2009, this management function has been improved since 2015. Therefore, data before this is difficult to accurately statistics.
Cui Huiying, a co -Democratic member of South Korea, also explained: "Before 2014, due to the lack of management of temporary newborn numbers, repeated registration and supervisor registration error, so the calculation data information was inaccurate."
For example, Gyeonggi -do, South Korea, announced the status quo of children born before 2014, which left only temporary newborn numbers in the system. From 2009 to 2014, there were 3,454 children who did not declare.It’s much more.Gyeonggi Road said: "There may be poor management places before."
Some South Korean experts emphasized that more unsuscripts that have not been applied for in this full survey needed to discover more unsubmitted children in this survey.However, when the Ministry of Health and Welfare’s first official Li Jiri announced the full survey plan last month, he said on the expansion of the investigation object: "It will conduct priority investigations on the object of more than 2,000 people, and then observe various situations."
The Korean government actively revisited the law
In order to make up for the loopholes of the South Korean birth registration system, on June 30, local time, the South Korean Parliament held a plenary meeting to implement the "Family Relations Registration Law" amendment to the birth notification system.According to the new law, the person in charge of the medical institution must report to the Health Insurance Institute within 14 days of the baby.If the parents do not register for them within one month of birth, government officials at all levels must notify the mother and other declaration obligations to register within 7 days. When the overdue is not registered, the court permission shall be performed by the court to exercise its authority.However, the bill was not written to the punishment clause of uncompromising medical institutions.
On July 18, local time, the South Korean Parliament held a general meeting to vote for the amendment to the Criminal Law to increase the punishment of killing and abandoning babies, abolishing the crime of killing infants and young children with lighter sentencing, and the amendment to the criminal law of general homicide crimes.In case, the highest amount of torture was up to the death penalty.This is the first revision of relevant laws in South Korea in 70 years, and the amendment will be officially implemented after 6 months.
In addition, the South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare also plans to actively support the South Korean Congress to pass relevant bills in order to introduce the protection system at the same time when the birth report was implemented in July next year.Protective fertility system is an system that allows pregnant women to give birth without revealing the real name, and children’s local autonomous groups carry out birth registration and protection measures.Records of birth will be transferred to public institutions permanently.
In addition, in order to prevent unmarried mothers abandoning raising, relevant South Korean departments are preparing to strengthen the plan for pregnancy, fertility, and support for support.
Li Jiri said: "In the future, we plan to continue to confirm the whereabouts and safety of children who are born in children who are not registered to protect the dead corners. By formulating the support of pregnant women in crisis, we can fundamentally solve the legalization of the protection of maternity systems and support the safety of all children born children.Growing. "(End)