Each couple hopes to have a healthy and smart baby. Therefore, not only should women not only supplement sufficient nutrition during pregnancy, but also do a good job of checking for the birth of the baby to intuitively understand the health of the baby and pregnant women.Usually the production inspection contains several fixed items, which is indispensable for any project.
1. Blood HCG examination
HCG This is a human chorionic gonadotropin, which is composed of α and β diocytes.Usually women’s blood and urine do not include HCG, but if women are pregnant, this substance will occur in blood and urine, so it can be judged by the blood HCG examination to determine whether women are pregnant.This pregnancy test method is more accurate than that of ordinary test strips, and the accuracy rate can reach more than 95%.
At 4 to 5 months of pregnancy, a comprehensive examination needs to be done. The inspected items include the screening of infectious diseases such as blood routine, urine routine, liver and kidney function analogy, HIV syphilis, etc.EssenceAt the same time, it is necessary to monitor blood pressure. If the blood pressure exceeds 140/90 mm Hg, it is necessary to pay special attention to the growth of weight and whether puffiness occurs, because this is likely to be caused by pregnancy hypertension or gestational diabetes.
3. Abdominal condition
When doing pregnancy examination, check the specific conditions of the abdomen, such as observing the shape, size, and edema of the abdomen, and at the same time, the abdominal circumference and palace height must be measured.If you have reached 30 weeks of pregnancy, you need to touch the fetal position and find abnormal fetal position.In addition, it is necessary to listen to the fetal heart through Doppler. The fetal heart rate is 120 ~ 160 times per minute. It means normal. When 7 months of pregnancy, the pelvis is measured to determine the way of fetal delivery.
4. Tang’s screening
At 15 to 18 weeks of pregnancy, go to the hospital for Tang’s screening.When screening is performed, the mother’s peripheral blood will be extracted, and the biochemical indicators will be abnormal.If abnormalities are found, you need to further perform amniotic fluid puncture. Based on the test results, the risk of the fetus suffering from Tang’s syndrome is determined. If the risk is relatively high, it is necessary to inform the pregnant woman and communicate with the pregnant woman and their families to decide whether to terminate the pregnancy.
5. Four -dimensional color Doppler ultrasound
At 22 to 26 weeks of pregnancy, conventional deformity screening will be performed, and it is generally screened by four -dimensional color Doppler ultrasound.If there is no abnormality after the first screening, the fetus will be checked by ordinary color Doppler ultrasound to observe whether the fetus matures and the maturity of the placenta.
When pregnant women go to check for the first time, remember to be empty, because blood routine and urine routine need to be carried out in an empty stomach. Otherwise, the accuracy of the examination will be affected.Come to unnecessary trouble.Regular check -up is a particularly necessary thing to ensure the healthy growth and development of the fetus, and to ensure the health of pregnant women.
It is recommended that pregnant women do different types of examinations in the right time. If blood pressure or abnormal blood sugar occurs after examination, blood glucose and blood pressure should be controlled by diet conditioning. If necessary, take orally under the guidance of a doctor.Drugs, patients with gestational diabetes, can even control blood sugar by injection of insulin.
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