The tedious examination during pregnancy can be found and prevents mergers and complications of early discovery and early discovery and complications, and the maximum guarantee of the healthy baby under the safety of pregnant women.Let’s understand which examinations are stopped from pregnancy to childbirth.
Basic examination during pregnancy
From pregnancy to childbirth, pregnant mothers will experience various pregnancy tests during pregnancy in order to check the mother’s health and fetal development in a timely manner.I went to the hospital to confirm whether I can get pregnant and detailed pregnancy week within 6 to 8 weeks of pregnancy; after that to 28 weeks of pregnancy, every 4 gestational weeks is checked every 4 gestational weeks; it has improved to check every 2 weeks at 28 ~ 38 weeks of pregnancy;After 38 weeks, you need to check every week.The first system examination after pregnancy generally includes projects such as anemia examination, blood type examination, hepatitis examination, syphilis examination, rubella examination, urine examination, cervical cytology diagnosis and other items.
● Anemia examination 提 After extracting the hemoglobin value in the blood, it is determined whether anemia is used.Even if it is normal before pregnancy, it is likely to show anemia after pregnancy.Because the blood capacity of pregnant women during pregnancy is uniformly increased by 50%, it is not enough to take only from the diet. The need for an extra 30 mg of iron daily is required.The amount of iron for iron is relatively reduced within 4 months of pregnancy, and it may show pregnancy and response at this time, so I propose to start taking iron after 4 months of pregnancy.
In addition, lack of folic acid not only leads to nutritional large cell anemia, but also cause fetal nervous system malformation.Therefore, folic acid needs to be taken from 1 month before pregnancy to 14 weeks after pregnancy.Especially for pregnant women who have diabetes, or are taking anti -spasmists, and pregnant women who have giving birth to a nervous system, taking folic acid can greatly reduce the attack rate of fetal nervous system deformity.
● Hepatitis examination 妇 Pregnant women have suffered from before or currently suffering from hepatitis. The virus may be transmitted to the fetus through blood and secretions.At this time, immunoglobulin needs to be injected.If pregnant women do not have hepatitis antibodies, they need to inject vaccines. Women with hepatitis are best to be treated before pregnancy.
● Fillsceri examination of rubella is a disease that is infected with virus, similar to cold diseases, so most of the condition will not be found in the infected rubella.It is best to inject vaccine after pregnancy before pregnancy.The proportion of deformed children with low immunohistor in the early pregnancy infection is 80%. The infected child may also become congenital malformations such as hearing impairment, cataract, heart disease, and developmental disorders.After 6 months of pregnancy, pregnant women infection with rubella have no effect on the fetus and do not have to worry about it.It should be noted that preventing vaccines cannot be injected within 3 months before pregnancy and during pregnancy.Early spring is a period of rubella and should be prevented.
● Syntica serum experiments ︱ Pregnant women suffering from syphilis are prone to abortion and death after 5 to 6 months of pregnancy, and have great damage to the health of pregnant women.Even if it is maintained to childbirth, newborns will become low energy, deaf children, or congenital diseases with other dysplasia.In the best situation, children will also show the harsh Hamson syndrome in the future.Therefore, pregnant women need to undergo corresponding examinations before preparing for pregnancy, and many effective treatment can be performed even in early pregnancy.Symelonic examination is performed by blood tests. It is necessary to perform such examinations before or within 14 weeks before pregnancy.Syphilis is spread through sexual intercourse. If the results of the examination are positive, the husband should also be checked.
● Blood type examination 原 Even if you know the blood type, you have to re -do a pregnancy blood type examination.During pregnancy, the blood type test is divided into two types: ABO and RH.The ABO type is to correctly understand the blood type and prepare for pregnant women who suddenly need blood transfusion.The RH blood type test is mainly to screen the mother’s RH- and the fetus are RH+.Under this situation, the mother understands the fetus to cause a foreign body to produce antibodies, which will destroy the fetal red blood cells. After the child is born, the child will cause brain -based numbness due to serious jaundice.When an RH-mother was pregnant with an RH+baby, and then there was a second RH+baby when she was pregnant.Pregnant women in RH- need to injection immunoglobulin that neutralize RH+antigen-ups after 7 months of pregnancy and before childbirth, so as to prevent the risk of preventing spare tires when pregnant with the second child.
Confirm the examination after pregnancy
● Consultation and consultation refer to the doctor to ask questions about understanding the fundamental health of pregnant women and important information about heart pregnancy.It is generally performed during prenatal inspection.The content of the consultation mainly includes the age and occupation of pregnant women, the age and menstrual cycle of the early menstrual tide, and the experience of pregnancy, childbirth, and abortion.Whether to suffer from special diseases, family genetic history, medication and allergies after pregnancy, and so on.Before going to the hospital, it is best to prepare the answer for related questions.
● Urine examination 在 is like conducting test strips at home, and the urine test is also needed at the hospital.After pregnancy, the urine contains the velvetic membrane to promote gonadotropin (HCG). On the 7th day after fertilization, it can be measured in the urine of pregnant women.In addition, it is necessary to check whether there are diabetes, proteinuria, and urinary tract infections.
● Obstetric examination 医 Mainly refers to the doctor’s internal diagnosis of the vaginal and abdomen to stop the examination to check the condition of the vagina and cervix, as well as the state, location, size, etc. of the uterus and ovaries, and stop cervical cytology.Pay attention to relaxation during internal diagnosis and not force.The panic in the fire makes it difficult for the doctor to understand the situation, and pregnant women may feel pain.
● B -ultrasound b After B -ultrasound, confirm whether you can get pregnant.When the size of the uterus is increasing, the endometrium becomes thicker, and you can see the typical pregnancy sac, you can really think that it is pregnant normally.After that, in order to diagnose the size and position of the fetus, whether it is twins, placenta positions, amniotic fluid amount, or absence of fetal malformations, the necessary B -ultrasound will be performed regularly during pregnancy.The 12 -week trip is a vaginal B -ultrasound examination, so it is best to urinate before checking.After that, the abdominal B -ultrasound is performed. Drink more water to fill the bladder, so that the test results can become more obvious, but it is not advisable to drink carbonated drinks.
● Ferry children’s screening 形 After 16 weeks of pregnancy, four -dimensional color Doppler ultrasound examination can be performed.At 10 to 13 weeks of pregnancy, the first Tang syndrome screening was performed, and the four -dimensional color Doppler ultrasound examination was stopped from 14 to 22 weeks of pregnancy. This accuracy can reach 60%~ 70%.Most of the amniotic fluid examination is mostly a trip to 16 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. After the long needle is extracted from the amniotic fluid, the chromosomal condition is cured by the cells. It is an auxiliary examination method when the fetus is abnormal.
Small Tips amniotic fluid inspection
Amniotic fluid examination is a examination that pregnant women will only bear during special conditions.When the pregnant woman is over 35 years old, a chromosomal abnormal baby, the chromosomes of the spouse are abnormal, the B -ultrasound is found, the fetal malformations, the four -dimensional cell examination structure is positive, habitual abortion experience, pregnant women or spouses have genetic history and other conditions.The demand has been confirmed by amniotic fluid inspection to confirm whether the fetus showed chromosomal abnormalities or genetic diseases.
Baby Paradise: There are countless examinations during pregnancy. If the pregnant mother can have a detailed pregnancy examination plan, then it will save a lot of annoyance. The pregnancy examination is essential for each pregnant mother.