Is it too late to add folic acid after pregnancy?

 

1. Why do pregnant moms supplement folic acid?

Because my country is one of the high -incidence countries in the world’s birth defects, about 4%to 6%of the defective children are born in about 30 million newborns each year.Among all birth defects, neural tube deformity ranks among the top three.Existing medicine has proven that the main cause of neural tube malformation is the lack of folic acid in the body.my country is a high incidence area of ​​"fetal nerve tube deformity", and its cause is closely related to the lack of folic acid.The lack of folic acid in pregnant mothers in my country is more common. Eating habits are one of the most important reasons. The level of folic acid in childcare women in my country is generally low. Its lack rate is higher than the north than the south, and the rural areas are higher than the city.

2. Before you are pregnant, do you have to supplement folic acid before you are pregnant?

New research has proved that it is also important to supplement folic acid for men who want to be a father.Decreased folic acid will weaken the ability of sperm. On the one hand, it will make it difficult to conceive, on the other hand, it will affect the quality of the essence of the fertilized eggs and increase the chance of chromosomal defects.Therefore, the unbridled dad can supplement folic acid tablets as needed. At the same time, it is more important to pay attention to ingesting folic acid from the diet, and eat more folic acid seasonal vegetables, fruits or animal liver, grain and other foods.

3. If you have been pregnant for 3 months, have folic acid have not been pregnant for 3 months?

Folic acid is one of vitamin B, also known as vitamin B9, which is water -soluble vitamin.The body needs to be used to generate red blood cells.Folic acid can help synthesize DNA and maintain the normal function of the brain. Folic acid is also an important part of the spinal fluid. Therefore, folic acid is a nutrient that everyone needs.In a normal diet, take a "small dose folic acid supplement" for pregnant women containing 400 micrograms of folic acid daily, which can maintain the level of folic acid in the body.Even if you have not conceived as scheduled after taking folic acid for 3 months, you can continue to replenish until you are pregnant.

4. What is the difference between pregnant women folic acid and ordinary folic acid?

At present, there are basically two types of folic acid tablets on the market: ordinary and pregnant women.The general type is mainly anemia for the anemia of ordinary people. Each tablet contains 5 mg of folic acid (that is, 5000 micrograms), which is 12.5 times the normal dose of folic acid.In the early pregnancy, doctors recommend small doses of folic acid tablets (400 micrograms) for ordinary pregnant mommy. Therefore, be careful not to buy them blindly, so as not to cause adverse effects on themselves and fetal baby.

5. Which one is better for pregnant women with multi -dimensional tablets and folic acid tablets specializing in folic acid?

The content of folic acid in multi -dimensional tablets for pregnant women is generally above 400 micrograms. If you are already taking multi -dimensional tablets, you generally do not need to add extra folic acid.If you only need to supplement the ordinary dose of folic acid, you can buy both simple folic acid tablets or a special multi -dimensional tablets for pregnant women containing folic acid.Some pregnant moms also choose iron folic acid tablets. The composition of iron and folic acid tablets is mainly iron and folic acid (Chinese iron folic acid tablets contain about 10 mg of iron, 133 micrograms of folic acid).Treatment of anemia, so people who are prone to anemia can be taken.The appropriate amount of iron will not affect your absorption of folic acid.However, this folic acid tablets cannot replace multi -dimensional tablets, because in addition to folic acid and iron, multi -dimensional tablets also contain many other vitamins and minerals.

6. There is no folic acid before pregnancy. I know that I start to replenish after pregnancy. Will this affect the baby baby?

If you do not supplement folic acid before pregnancy, you do n’t have to worry too much, and you can still reducing the danger of reducing the abnormal development of the fetus from the beginning of the pregnancy.In the first three months of pregnancy, it is the critical period of the development of the baby’s neural tube. The supplementation of sufficient folic acid for pregnant moms can significantly reduce neurophard deformity and greatly reduce the incidence of brain -free and congenital spine fissure fetuses.At the same time, the risk of lip cracks or cleft palate can be reduced by 50%, and it can also reduce the risk of premature birth and low -body reconstruction.

7. Early pregnancy reaction is strong, you ca n’t eat folic acid, you will vomit, what should I do at this time?

Early pregnancy response is strong, and you can take less meals and more meals.You can use a small amount of water to take folic acid tablets, do not take it on an empty stomach.You can also choose pregnant women with folic acid.Eating more folic acid -rich foods in diet is also very helpful.

8. Normal folic acid during pregnancy, and drink pregnant women’s milk powder with folic acid. Will it be too much?

If you have supplemented multi -dimensional or folic acid tablets for a long time, and take a reinforced maternity milk powder containing a variety of vitamins, you must learn to calculate the total vitamin contained in the two.If you do n’t know how to calculate, it is best to consult a doctor and take it under the guidance of nutritional doctors to avoid excessive taking, but affect the health of pregnant mummy and fetal baby.

9. Take folic acid tablets after pregnancy and eat until 3 months. Do you still need to continue taking it?

Taking folic acid is mainly acting in the third and fourth week of embryo development in the early stages of pregnancy. At this time, folic acid deficiency can cause neuroplasma deformities.After entering the middle of pregnancy, the relevant development has been completed, so there is no need to supplement folic acid, as long as the balanced diet is guaranteed.Therefore, she can stop taking folic acid after 3 months of pregnancy.But the whole pregnancy will not have a harmful effect on pregnant mummy and fetal baby.In addition, it can also prevent anemia (giant cellular anemia) and other complications of pregnancy, such as premature peeling, premature birth, and hypertension diseases of pregnancy.The folic acid dosage taken in the middle and late pregnancy is the same as in the early stages of pregnancy.

10. What are the foods rich in folic acid?

Green vegetables: lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, carrots, greens, dragon beards, broccoli, rapeseed, cabbage, lentils, pods, mushrooms, etc.

Fresh fruit: orange, strawberry, cherry, banana, lemon, peach, apricot, bayberry, begonia, jujube, hawthorn, pomegranate, grapes, kiwi, pear, etc.

Animal food: Animal liver, kidney, poultry and eggs, such as pork liver, chicken, beef, lamb, etc.

Beans, nuts: soybeans and other soy products, walnuts, cashews, chestnuts, almonds, pine nuts, etc.

Grain: barley, rice bran, wheat germ, brown rice, etc.

11. There are also many brands in folic acid. Some people say that cheap folic acid has side effects. Is this really the case?

At present, most of the multi -dimensional films taken by pregnant mothers in China are mostly foreign brands.One of the main problems of this multi -dimensional film is that the vitamin A content is high (this is because foreign daily dietary recommendations for vitamin A are high, such as the United States is 5,000 international units per day, and China is 3,000 international units), ChinaIt is safe to simply add one.Slian folic acid additives contain only 0.4 mg of folic acid in each tablet, which is the only prevention drug approved by the state.You can open it in a regular hospital. Do not blindly believe that folic acid agents that are expensive and known as other functions.

12. Women’s regular pop acid can increase the chance of having twins. Is there a scientific basis for this statement?

It is not advisable to rely on a large amount of folic acid delivery and twins, and the intake of folic acid should be strictly controlled.The World Health Organization recommends that the daily folic acid supply of pregnant moms is 400 micrograms. Excessive intake of folic acid will have side effects.Long -term excessive use of folic acid will interfere with the zinc metabolism of pregnant mummy and the lack of zinc element, which will also affect the development of fetal baby.

13. What are the effects of folic acid?

In recent years, scholars at home and abroad have discovered some new uses of folic acid, including:

● Anti -tumor effect

Foreign researchers have found that folic acid can cause cancer cell apoptosis and have a certain impact on the gene expression of cancer cells, so it is a natural anticancer vitamin.

● Promoting the development of nerve cells and brain cells of infants and young children

Foreign studies have shown that adding folic acid to infant food under the age of 3 will help promote the growth of brain cells and improve intelligence.The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved folic acid to be added to baby milk powder as a healthy food additive.

● Other functions

Researchers at home and abroad have found that folic acid can be used as auxiliary therapeutic agents for patients with schizophrenia, and it has a very significant relief effect on the disease.In addition, folic acid can also be used to treat chronic atrophic gastritis, inhibit the transformation of bronchial squamous, and prevent coronary arteriosclerosis, myocardial injury, and myocardial infarction caused by high homopaminemia.

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