Wen 丨 Jingma said, original content.
A friend who had just passed early pregnancy and asked me if I needed to replenish some nutrition after entering the middle of pregnancy?It is said that the early pregnancy reaction was serious. I could n’t eat anything. I felt that I had been waiting for the child. I thought that I would n’t vomit now. I want to add some nutrients. What nutrition do I need to supplement after entering the middle of pregnancy?
Indeed, after entering the second trimester, the fetus grows faster and faster, and the nutritional nutrition is also increased, but the balance of dietary nutrition guarantee is the basis. On this basis, special attention should be paid to calcium, iron, iodine, and DHA in the middle of pregnancy.Wait, of course, it is really lacking to make up. Supplementing nutrition during pregnancy is not a lot of good.
When my girlfriend was pregnant for about 24 weeks, I always complained to me to sleep at night. I had to abolish myself. I suggested that she go to consult a doctor of the delivery. It is likely to be calcium deficiency.After a check, the doctor asked her to supplement calcium, took more than ten days, and called me to say that I really want to thank me. Since eating calcium tablets, I have never been cramped.
Should many pregnant mothers experience the experience of cramping in the legs at night? This is likely to be a sign of calcium deficiency, but it is not ruled out that it is caused by cooling. If it appears frequently, the possibility of calcium deficiency is very high. It is recommended to consult a doctor.See how to replenish calcium.
Nutrition surveys show that women in my country during pregnancy are 500-800 mg through diet.Studies have also shown that the supplementation of calcium during pregnancy can reduce the risk of maternal hypertension, pregnancy hypertension, and puzzle eclampsion.
The "Reference Increase in Dietary Nutrition of Chinese Residents (DRLS2013)" recommends that pregnant women’s crowds, the intake of calcium is: 800 mg/day in the early pregnancy, 1000 mg/day in the middle and late pregnancy.
From this recommendation intake, it can be seen that after entering the second trimester, the demand for calcium increases 200 mg per day. If the pregnant mother diet is still the same as before, you do n’t pay attention to eating more calcium -rich foods, then you need to eat extra food.Ordering calcium tablets or other calcium supplements, but it must be eaten under the guidance of a doctor.
In the diet, milk and dairy products, soybean and soy products are all good food sources of calcium. In addition, seafood and sesame seeds such as shrimp skin and sesame seeds are also good.Therefore, you can drink 400-500 ml of low-fat milk every day. If you ca n’t drink so much milk, you can also have at least 250 ml of milk (or a considerable amount of dairy products) and add 300 mg of calcium to meet the needs of calcium during pregnancy.
Small reminder: Calcium supplementation is not "a lot of goodness". Excessive calcium intake may lead to constipation of pregnant mothers, and it will also affect the supplement of other nutrients.
Speaking of iron supplementation during pregnancy, I also have a deep understanding. Before pregnancy, I have been low blood pressure before pregnancy. I often take position hypotension (dizzy and dark when I stand up).However, it may be the problem of absorption rate, and it feels like it has not been relieved. In addition, the early pregnancy vomiting response was serious, and nothing could be eaten. After the pregnancy vomiting gradually relieved, the doctor went to the delivery doctor to say anemia, communicated with the doctor, and finally opened the iron iron. Finally, the iron was opened.Eat two boxes in a row before making up.
The "Reference Institute of Dietary Nutrition of Chinese Residents (DRLS2013)" recommends that the intake of iron in pregnant women is: 20 mg/day in early pregnancy, 24 mg/day in the middle of pregnancy, 29 mg/day in the third trimester.
From the perspective of the recommended intake of the pregnant mothers, the needs of pregnancy have gradually increased. By the stage of pregnancy, an iron is needed to increase 9 mg per day compared to the early pregnancy, so as to ensure that anemia will not occur during pregnancy.But many pregnant mothers do not pay attention to this problem. The diet of the whole pregnancy is the same. By the end of pregnancy, it is easy to find iron deficiency anemia.
The American Centers for Disease Control for low -income pregnant women’s nutrition surveys showed that in the early pregnancy, middle and late pregnancy, the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 10%, 14%, and 33%, respectively.
Iron deficiency during pregnancy may lead to a variety of adverse pregnancy endings. Not only do pregnant mothers have decreased immunity due to iron deficiency, but they often get sick; but also the nutrients that are transmitted to the baby will be transmitted through blood, and the anemia of pregnant mothers will still be anemia.It affects the development of the baby in the uterus, leading to dysplasia, anemia after birth, etc., and even because of insufficient blood supply and oxygen, affecting the baby’s brain development and intellectual development.
Iron supplementation first recommends food supplementation, animal liver, blood clots, and lean meat. These foods are rich in iron content and high absorption rate. It is a good source of iron.In addition, egg yolks, beans, certain vegetables (such as rapeseed, mustard, spinach, snow, lettuce leaves, etc.) are relatively iron content. You can also use these foods to supplement iron. At the same time, pay attention to eating more vegetables rich in vitamin C.And fruit can promote the absorption and utilization of iron.
Starting from the second trimester, pregnant mothers can increase 20-50g red meat per day (can provide iron 1-2.5mg), eat animal liver and animal blood 1-2 times a week, 20-50g each time (can provide iron 7-15mg), This can almost meet the increased iron demand during pregnancy.
Small reminder: If the pregnant mother checks moderate anemia, in addition to diet supplement, you can also take iron to supplement the iron.
Netizens often ask, how to make children smarter during pregnancy?Whether the child is clever is related to intellectual development, and the development of intelligence is related to various nutritional supplements, especially DHA and EPA. It is necessary to supplement DHA during pregnancy.But often DHA is not as popular as calcium supplement, and many pregnant mothers do not know to add.
In "The Consensus of Chinese Maternal Maternal and Infant Supplement DHA", it is recommended to be a mothers and postpartum lactation mothers during pregnancy. The intake of DHA is 200 mg/day.food.
Therefore, DHA needs to be supplemented during pregnancy, and it is good for DHA to supplement DHA’s brain development and intellectual development of fetal babies.You can use food supplements, such as eating fish and eggs, pregnant mothers can eat fish twice or three times a week, and one of them is deep -sea fish. When doing it, try to use steaming, stewing, and cooking.Oxidation.However, some pregnant mothers may not guarantee to eat fish every week for various reasons. In this case, they can also be supplemented through DHA supplements or pregnant women’s milk powder, but they must not be improperly replenished.
As mentioned earlier, if you want your child to become smart, you need scientific iron supplementation of calcium and supplementing, and supplement DHA. In addition, iodine supplementation is also necessary.
Iodine deficiency will reduce the synthesis of pregnant mothers’ thyroid poinetes, cause thyroid dysfunction, reduce the supply of fetal nutrient nutrients, and may also lead to the lowest function of fetal baby’s thyroid dysfunction, leading to slow growth and development and decreased cognitive ability.Called dysfunction).
800 million people in the world face the harm caused by iodine deficiency, of which about 400 million people are in my country.The World Health Organization estimates that 20 million people around the world have brain injury due to iodine deficiency during pregnancy.
The "Reference Institute of Dietary Nutrition of Chinese Residents (DRLS2013)" recommends that the recommended intake of iodine in pregnant women is: early pregnancy, middle, and evening are 230 micrograms/day.
my country has adopted salt to strengthen iodine to prevent iodine deficiency. In addition to choosing iodized salt (iodized iodine content is 25 mg/kg, if you eat 6g iodine salt every day, you can supplement 120 micrograms of iodine, which can basically meet the needs) You should also eat iodine-rich seafood with iodine, such as 100g of fresh kelp, 2.5g of dried seaweed, 0.7g of dried skirts, 30g shellfish, and 40g of sea fish. These can provide iodine 110 micrograms, so Get up, you can meet the iodine demand of 230 micrograms per day for pregnant mothers.
Jingma said: Replenishing nutrition during pregnancy can ensure that the fetus is developing better, but the appropriate amount is good, and do not "make up too much".The problem is not good for the baby’s baby, which may lead to "huge children".
The several types introduced earlier are nutrients that must be supplemented during pregnancy. Other nutrients are good according to their actual situations, and selectively supplement.What nutrients you have made up during pregnancy, please leave a message to discuss.
1. "China Famous Dietary Guide (2016 Edition)" Chinese Nutrition Society edited
2. "Public Nutritionist" (Basic Knowledge) China Employment Training Technology Guidance Center organized (2nd edition)