In February 2 "Dragon’s head", where did this "dragon" come from?

China News Service, Beijing, February 21 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) "In February 2, the dragon looked up, and the wind was so good." After the lively Lantern Festival, the Spring Dragon Festival came, which is often called "Dragon’s head looks up."" ".

It is a traditional festival and has important symbolic significance in agriculture.Spring returns to the earth, all things are vibrant, and spring plowing begins in an orderly manner.Zhao Yuntao, a lecturer at the Chinese School of Chinese University of Foreign Economics and Trade, said that the origin of "dragon’s head" is related to natural natural phenomena. Its customs are rich and diverse.

Eating custom is even more interesting.The old Beijing people want to eat spring cakes, called "eating Longlin".In addition, eating noodles is also called "Dragon Beard". Eating dumplings is called "eating dragon ear", eating ravioli is called "eating longan" and so on.

Sour natural phenomenon worship?

"Long Raise" is an important traditional festival.Some opinions believe that it originated from the worship of natural natural phenomena, which is related to people’s understanding of the operation of the stars and the farming culture in ancient times.

Among the 28 stars in China, the ancients imagined the image of Jackie Chan, which was the image of Jackie Chan, and the five elements of the five parties of the East.Therefore, it is called "green dragon" or "Canglong".

"Said the text" states: "Dragon, the length of the scalewood, can be clear and clear, fine and huge, short and long, the spring equinox and the sky, autumn equinox and dive." And the local flat line gradually reveals the dragon ""Horn, it shows that spring is coming, that is, the folk proverb said" dragon’s head ".

In other words, the "Canglong Qisu" hidden under the horizon in the winter. After the early February of the lunar calendar, at dusk, the horns appeared from the East Horizon, but Canglong’s body was still hidden under the horizon, so it was "Long Raising the head."" ".

Zhao Yuntao said that Long has a lot of auspicious meaning.In ancient times, although the ritual system was strict, the people of the civilians did not give up their preferences and worship of the dragon. There must be dragons in the festival, such as the fifteenth day of the first month to play dragon lanterns and dragons; February 2nd "dragon head up" and so on.

A day of praying for wind and rain

However, it should be noted that this festival has also experienced an interesting evolution process.

Zhao Yuntao said that in the Tang and Song dynasties, people had begun to "February 2", but at first "February 2" and "Long Raising" did not have much relationship. The customs were mainly picking vegetables and stepping up.

By the time of the Southern Song Dynasty, there were records about "dragon’s head", such as "this February 2nd, the dragon’s head is temporarily released."The Yuan Dynasty’s "Analysis of Jinzhi" mentioned that "February 2nd, the dragon looks up."

In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the classics of festivals in the age of the Ming and Qing dynasties were more clear.For example, the "Emperor Jing Scenery Lue" in the Ming Dynasty recorded: "On February 2nd, the dragon looked up".

Judging from the connotation of festival and customs, since ancient times, people have regarded the "Dragon Raise Day" as a day to pray for the wind, disaster, and transportation.

Yang Qi is born, and everything recovers

In terms of agriculture, "dragon’s head" is also important symbolic significance.

For example, Zhao Yuntao, for example, "February 2nd, the dragon’s head" symbolizes the recovery of all things. The next solar term is shock. The ancients believed that the dragon was the length of the plane. It had to wake up first.Everything.

Of course, some pests may endanger people or crops when they wake up.Therefore, people will "smoke insects" on this day to eliminate pests in advance.

The ancients believed that the "February 2nd" ushered in the blue dragon, and the dragon was in charge of rain. Since then, there are more and more rainwater, and the season for farming is here.Just as the folk saying "February 2nd, the dragon looks up, everyone is a small household to cultivate cattle."

At this time, the customs of sacrificing the gods in the south were the custom of sacrificing the gods.

Zhao Yuntao believes that the north is relatively short of water. The ancients believed that the dragon supervisor rainfall. Therefore, people in the north often worship the dragon higher, while the southern rainwater is relatively sufficient, and people depend on land higher.

Therefore, it is also "February 2". Most of the customs in the north region combine diet, dragon dance and other customs with "dragons", hoping to rain more;God and other customs.

In the farming culture, the "dragon’s head" marks the yang’s hair, the recovery of all things, and the spring plowing production has gradually begun.Therefore, this festival is also called "Spring Festival", "Agricultural Festival", "Spring Dragon Festival" and so on.

What are the dietary customs?

Because people like dragons, many diets in "February 2" are "named" with dragons, which is very full of life.

In the Qing Dynasty’s "Emperor Jing Shi Ji Sheng" said: "Everyone uses noodles jujube cakes and wheat rice to fried", which means that at that time, Beijingers would eat a kind of pancake -like food. This is probably the folk saying"Eat dragon leather".

In addition, the old Beijingers also have to eat spring cakes. Spring cakes roll up various dishes, one layer by layer, called "Eating Longlin".Interestingly, eating noodles is also called "Dragon Beard", dumplings are called "eating dragon ear", eating ravioli called "eating longan" and so on.

Some people will prepare the raw materials of fried beans. By the "February 2nd" morning, it is sweet and delicious with sugar fried peanuts and soybeans.In some places, pay attention to frying and eating pork head.Many customs have the desire to pray for blessings.

Why do people linked what they eat on this day with "Dragon"?Zhao Yuntao believes that this actual meaning is "calling the dragon", and the word "dragon" is kept in his mouth. After hearing it, the dragon will wake up and start a year of work, such as rainfall.

In Shanghai, Jiangsu and other places, you need to eat waist cakes. It is said that it will not have back pain in the next year after eating; in some places, you need to eat porridge made by mustard. It is said that you can look clear and not sore.

Dragon dance, social opera … lively festivals

In addition to diet, "February 2nd, the dragon’s head" is actually very lively, including dragon dance, social opera, various temple fairs, and so on.

According to the Ming Dynasty’s "Emperor Jing Scenery" records, "Children are two inches in wood, such as jujube nucleus, and the ground is great.A child’s game is like playing baseball.

On the day of the "Dragon Raise", people meandered from the yard to the house with grass and gray, and turned around the water tank.The tank will not be short of water, but also bless the family and auspiciousness.

On the second day of February of the lunar calendar, people still use grass and wood ash in the courtyard or vegetable land, and draw a warehouse. They put coins or grain grains, which are called "gray hoarding".Essence

In the past, people believed that "February 2" was the beginning of a year -on -year cultivation, and they were willing to ask for a good sign. The folk saying "February 2nd, dragon looks up, is full of warehouses, and small warehouses."Although different, the same meaning.

"Emperor Jingshi Ji Sheng" records, "(February) on the second day of the dragon head … children are lazy to learn, they enter the study at the beginning of the day, saying that the child is the lead.", Hold a pen -to -open gift, wish the child grow up for a broken literature.

Children’s haircuts on the second day of February are called shaving "happy heads". When borrowing the auspiciousness of the dragon, they bless their children’s healthy growth; adults have haircuts, hoping to bring good luck, and the new year is smooth.

Zhao Yuntao believes that in general, although there are customs in various places, the desire to hope that the wind and health and safety are the same in the "February 2". This festival has pinned people’s hope for the future.(over)

Source: China News Network

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