Edema is a natural phenomenon during pregnancy, but excessive edema can cause physical discomfort and inconvenience.In fact, edema can be improved through small movements in life.Normal edema, just take a little rest and pay attention to some matters!But if it is pathological edema, it is necessary to treat it positive.
Division of physiological edema and pathological edema
Physiological edema: Pregnant women are often accompanied by ankle, light edema in lower parts such as the lower part of the calf, and most of them are depressed edema.Press the thumb to the swelling part, and the skin will be obviously recessed without recovering quickly, which means physiological edema.Physiological edema mostly occurs in the third trimester. It is mild puffiness. It can be faded after rest. It is normal without special treatment.
Pathological edema: If the edema occurs early, the lower limb edema is obvious or systemic edema, and the edema cannot be faded after the rest, or it is accompanied by symptoms such as hypertension, proteinuria, anemia or hypertension, cardiovascular system diseases, and cardiovascular system diseases, and cardiovascular system diseases.In the history of chronic nephritis, you must consider whether it is pathological edema!
Causes of physiological edema during pregnancy
Uterine supercharged: After pregnancy, the uterine increases, increases the pressure in the pelvis, compresses the pelvic vein, causes the blood flow of the lower limbs to be blocked and causes edema lower limbs.
Endocrine changes: After pregnancy, endocrine function changes, estrogen and aldosterone secretion increased, causing water sodium sodium in the body and edema.
Blood dilution: Due to the increase in blood, the blood components are relatively diluted, and the relative concentration of plasma albumin is lower than that of non -pregnancy.Plasma albumin is the main ingredient to maintain plasma osmotic pressure.The penetration pressure of plasma during pregnancy is further reduced, so that the moisture in the blood flow can easily penetrate into the tissue intercordnic fluid, causing edema lower limb.
Method for allevia of physiological edema during pregnancy
Suffering and lying properly: When a person is resting and lying, the burden of various organs of the body will be reduced, helping the vein backflow, and edema will be reduced or disappeared.
Low -salt and high protein diet: After pregnancy, the body needs a lot of high -quality protein to ensure sufficient protein supply, which not only helps the fetal growth and development, but also increases the plasma albumin content of pregnant women and increases blood vessels.In addition, water and sodium sodium can be retention during pregnancy, so salt intake should be appropriately controlled in daily life.
Raise your legs: Pregnant women raise their legs for 15 to 20 minutes to help the lower limbs return to blood and reduce the pressure of the lower limbs.This can not only relieve edema during pregnancy, but also prevent the occurrence of diseases such as intravenous veins.Furthermore, when sleeping at night, get your feet.
Wearing appropriate clothes: Pregnant women wear tight clothes can also cause poor blood circulation and cause edema of the body.
Scientific soaking feet: Soaking your feet can expand the peripheral blood vessels, enhance the squeezing vascular force, so that veins can return the blood, so that excess water is not easy to accumulate at the end of the limbs to relieve edema.The temperature is controlled at 40-42 ° C and soaked for about 20 minutes.When soaking your feet, the water depth is at least higher than the ankle, and it is best to reach the middle of the calf.