How to block the maternal and baby transmission of hepatitis B?You have to pay attention to these 3 periods

If the mother is a patient with hepatitis B, or just a carrier of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis B virus components in the blood are likely to be transmitted to the baby.This kind of communication mainly occurs during childbirth, and rarely occurs in palace infections.How to cut off mother and baby spread?Maternal and infant communication is an important cause of hepatitis B infection in neonatal.Pregnant women can transmit hepatitis B virus to the fetus.The following three periods are most likely to lead to the spread of mothers and infants.

Preparatory transmission refers to the infection in the palace, which refers to a large number of replication of the placenta of the virus in the liver of the fetus.As for the mechanism of the hepatitis B virus through the placenta barrier, the medical community has not clearly responded.This may be caused by the transparency changes caused by the damage to the placenta barrier or the maternal blood leakage.At present, the treatment is usually injected with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and other drugs during pregnancy to prevent pre -delivery spread.

During birth, infection refers to the infection of the baby’s skin or mucosa when the fetus passes the birth canal, such as blood and amniotic fluid.At present, studies have shown that the incidence of hepatitis B virus infection in cesarean section is lower than that of newborns of natural delivery.Therefore, it is recommended to choose cesarean section in patients with hepatitis B.

Postpartum infections are spread by breastfeeding or close contact with other life.If a girl has hepatitis B, she can infected hepatitis B by breastfeeding.Hepatitis B virus logo The hepatitis B surface antigen direct indicators are not suitable for breastfeeding.

The acute period of women’s hepatitis during pregnancy should rest in bed, and the diet should be light. If you need it, you can perform intravenous infusion to ensure the intake of liquid and calories.It is forbidden to use drugs such as pheasant, chloropenrazine, stability, tetracycline, and sulfonamazole.Do not drink alcoholic beverages or drink at will.Pay attention to supplement vitamin B1, B6, B12, C, K, etc. Vitamin C can promote the repair of liver cells and improve liver function.

Whether the acute viral hepatitis during pregnancy terminates the end of pregnancy. There is no clear statement.Some people think that termination of pregnancy will increase the burden on the liver and increase the condition.Some people believe that 12 weeks before pregnancy, hepatitis should be actively treated, and artificial abortion should be appropriate.Patients with hepatitis in the middle and advanced stages of pregnancy are more harmful for surgical induction and generally not suitable for termination of pregnancy.

During childbirth and puzzle, bleeding and infection should be paid.Patients must go to a regular hospital for delivery and strive for vaginal delivery. They do not think that caesarean section is safer.During the puzzle, personal hygiene should be strengthened, such as keeping the genitals clean, changing clothes frequently, and keeping indoor air circulation.We have to rinse and brush our teeth and keep our oropharynal cleaning before meals.Diet is more focused on pregnant women, do not eat fresh food.

After the baby is born, it should be isolated for 4 weeks immediately, that is, the mother cannot contact her child.Because breast milk contains most of the hepatitis virus, it cannot breastfeed.It is not suitable to take estrogen after giving birth to avoid damage to the liver function.If you know hepatitis before pregnancy, you should recover at least six months before pregnancy.

The most effective and accurate method is to promote the vaccination of hepatitis B vaccine.The specific method is: hepatitis B surface antigen -positive pregnant women injected hepatitis B immunoglobulin A (200 IU) at birth at birth, two weeks after injection of hepatitis B vaccine, and the same dose in one month and 6 months.

If there is no hepatitis B immunoglobulin, hepatitis B vaccine is injected 24 hours after the baby is born, and then injected again in 1 month and 6 months, respectively.The vaccination of type B vaccine is the only measure that can save children from suffering from hepatitis B.

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