Fudan obstetrics and gynecology experts: pure dry goods!Guide for medication during pregnancy is really practical

Medication during pregnancy has always been a hot issue that physicians, pharmacists and expectant mothers care about. Can you use the medicine?How to use medicine?It really causes a headache.

Chemotherapy aminoxate: It has a wide range of treatment effects. In addition to tumors, it can also be used in systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Anti -virus drug Libavilin: It is still widely used to treat upper respiratory tract infections. Libavirin stopped at least June before preparing for pregnancy.

Different vitamin: Regardless of oral use, it is a favorable weapon against acne. You can start pregnancy at least after March. Estrogen antimothene, antimalarial drugs, and sand used to relieve vomiting during pregnancyThe interest amine … These drugs have been rated as X -level in the past FDA pregnancy medication level. It has a very clear teratogenic effect and is disabled for pregnant women.During the medication, strict contraception is needed to avoid unnecessary trouble.After a period of stopping the drug (varying from the type of medicine, you need to follow the doctor’s advice) before starting to prepare for pregnancy.

But when there is no uncomfortable in October of pregnancy?Common symptoms during pregnancy are more scientific ~

1. Pregnancy

Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy can be given vitamin B6 10-20 mg/time, and take it 3 times a day.If vomiting is severe, you need to seek medical treatment in time.

2. Anemia during pregnancy

The demand for iron in the second half of pregnancy has increased, and it is obviously insufficient by replenishment of diet.

About 1/3 of the expectant mothers will have different degrees of anemia.For clear clinical anemia, food supplements are generally not recommended, because food supplements are too slow. In addition, eating too many red meat and internal organs can correct anemia, but the amount of protein often exceeds the standard, which will increase the metabolism of the kidneys and liver.

3. Muscle spasm

The lower limb muscle spasm may be calcium deficiency, which can supplement calcium, 600-1500mg daily.

Because milk and dairy products in the diet structure of Chinese people are often not enough, it is reasonable for these quasi-mothers with insufficient calcium intake, 500-600mg of calcium tablets once a day.Of course, if you have enough calcium intake in your diet, you don’t need to supplement calcium tablets.

4. Constipation during pregnancy

Eat more fruits and fruits with high cellulose content. If necessary, use lactose sugar to use cautiously use open dew and glycerin bolt, disable magnesium sulfate, and should not be enema, so as not to cause miscarriage or premature birth.

The preferred lactose, the second selection is dew, even if you use Kaisu, do not use too much.

5. Her fever during pregnancy

If a cold and fever reaches 38.5 degrees, especially if you reach or exceed 39 degrees, it is best to use heat -relieving analgesic drugs, because continuous high fever will cause the risk of birth defects to increase.It is acetylphenol.

6. Skin itching

Considering the use of low concentration of glucocorticoid ointment, such as loose oligate, mamsonic acid, mamsonic acid.If the dermatologist refuses to prescribe these ointments for you, you can try the cork glyphosate washing agent.

7. Infection during pregnancy

There are three most commonly used antibiotics: penicillin, such as amoxicillin, cephalosporin and Azithromycin. These antibiotics have no adverse effects on the fetus and have a good clinical effect.

However, I don’t recommend expectant mothers to use antibiotics, because most colds are viral, and antibiotics are useless.

However, if it is a bacterial infection in the upper respiratory tract, the above three antibiotics can be considered.Bacterial infections of other organs and systems can also be considered first of these three antibiotics.

During pregnancy, expectant mothers with vaginal fungal infections are prescribed antibiotic drug club phemezazole. This is a very safe drug that can rest assured that vaginal drugs are used with confidence.

8. Hemorrhoids

You can consider anal plug medicine. It is recommended to use compound corner amurate embolism that has no adverse effects on the fetus

To understand the principles of medication during pregnancy more accurately, you must also understand from the effects of drugs on the impact of embryo and fetal development in different periods ~

Within 2 weeks after fertilization

Within 28 days after the fertilization (28 days of menstrual cycle, within 28 days of stopping menstruation, and within 35 days of the period of 35 days, the fertilized eggs have not been bed, and the impact of medication on the baby is "all" or "none"."All" manifests the early death of the embryo and causes natural miscarriage.

3 ~ 8 weeks after fertilization

3 to 8 weeks after fertilization are the division of embryo organs. The embryo began to discharge and develop. After being affected by harmful drugs, it may produce abnormal morphological abnormalities and deformities.However, during this time, each organ develops different time, and the judgment on the effect of the drug is different.

For example, the limbs and eyes are developed 24 to 46 (about 6-9 weeks of menopause) after fertilization. If the drugs used during this period of time belong to it, it will not affect the development of the fetus (such as bones, cartilage) and eyes.The probability of affecting the fetus is very small.For specific circumstances, you need to consult a physician or pharmacist for evaluation, and further confirm whether the drugs have adversely affected the fetus.

9 weeks after fertilization ~ Full Moon

9 weeks after fertilization ~ The full moon is the stage of fetal growth, organ development, and perfect function. Only the nervous system, genitals, and teeth are still differentiated, especially for the differentiation, development, and hyperplasia of the nervous system., Avoid the use of drugs that affect these parts.Due to the failure of fetal liver enzymes that completely lead to slow drug metabolism and high blood and brain barrier permeability, if improper drugs are used at this time, it is easy to accumulateDamage can be manifested as abnormal growth of fetal growth, low birth weight and functional behavior.

Therefore, the method of different methods of medication during pregnancy is not the same.

Tip

1. Before using any drug (including over -the -counter drugs), you should consult a physician or pharmacist. Do not buy it yourself.If you do n’t need medicine, you do n’t use it. If you do n’t use it, try to avoid use 3 to 8 weeks after fertilization (about 5-12 weeks).

2. Record the time, name (can be left for a pill), the last menstrual time, and the usual menstrual cycle, so that the drug can provide detailed information as much as possible when the drug affects the fetus.

3. If chronic diseases such as thyroid disease, epilepsy, systemic lupus erythematosus, asthma, etc., the expectant mothers who need to take medicine for a long time need to inform the doctor in time to prepare for pregnancy and pregnancy to adjust the medication.Do not stop the medicine by yourself, so as not to cause the original disease to worsen and may have a greater impact on both sides of the mother.

4. expectant mothers who use "disabled medicines" need to strictly contraception to prevent problems before they occur. Specific mothers who take other drugs without knowing their pregnancy can consult the professionals to evaluate risks, check on time, find problems in time, and find problems in time and find problems in time and find problems in time.deal with.

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