Five foods that can be eaten by gestational diabetes and 3 prohibited foods!

In recent years, with the improvement of people’s living standards, more and more women have suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Especially after the three -child policy is liberalized, more and more elderly women have added, making the "army" of gestational diabetes significantly significantlyIncrease.Gestational diabetes can significantly increase the huge child and too much amniotic fluid. The incidence of fetal malformations, and the elevated blood sugar can also make the complications of mother diabetes advance.The combination of pregnancy and diabetes is a common pregnancy period. Pregnant women type 2 diabetes can be manifested as three more and one less, that is, drinking, eating more, urine, weight loss, and occasional vomiting.Some patients only found that the blood sugar was rising without obvious symptoms during the pregnancy test.Many people have such questions, why the blood sugar indicators of the body have been normal, and diabetes have been detected after pregnancy.Today we will understand what is gestational diabetes?Why do mothers suffer from pregnancy diabetes?And what foods are suitable for gestational diabetes mothers and what foods are not suitable for eating?

What is gestational diabetes?

According to the definition of the American Diabetes Association, gestational diabetes (GDM) specifically refers to diabetes diagnosed in the second or secondary pregnancy, but patients do not have obvious diabetes before pregnancy.Therefore, mothers with diabetes during pregnancy can be divided into two categories. One is mothers who have diabetes diagnosis before pregnancy (maybe one diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or other types of diabetes), and the other is gestational diabetes (It was discovered or diagnosed during pregnancy).Gestational diabetes accounts for 86%of all diabetes during pregnancy.

Why do mothers suffer from pregnancy diabetes?

In type 1 diabetes, pancreas is damaged due to autoimmune and cannot produce sufficient insulin.In type 2 diabetes, tissue cells produce insulin resistance due to various reasons (such as obesity, inflammation, pressure, chronic hyperglycemia in the body, etc.), and insulin compensation secretes more insulin, which has long led to reduced insulin incardy insulin for a long time.

In the above picture, we can carefully observe how tissue cells use glucose.Here, insulin is like a key, opening glucose into the door of the cell, so glucose can be stored as glycogen or even fatty acid.When the keys and doors cannot work normally, insulin resistance occurs.This is one of the causes of type 2 diabetes.Similarly, during pregnancy, hormones (such as human choric membrane growth hormone, progesterone, prolactin, placental growth hormone and cortisol) produce insulin resistance.When the placental hormone generates its peak, insulin resistance is the largest in the third trimester.This is why many mothers develop gestational diabetes during the middle and late pregnancy.

5 kinds of foods that can be eaten by gestational diabetes

1. High -fiber food

Experts say that whole valleys, beans, fruits and vegetables are an excellent source of dietary fiber.These foods help regulate blood sugar levels, promote satiety, and maintain a stable energy level throughout the day.

2. Lean protein

Foods such as chicken, fish, tofu and beans provide necessary nutrition, while minimizing unhealthy fat.Protein helps to stabilize blood sugar levels, which is essential to baby’s growth and development.

3. Healthy fat

Avocado, Nuts, Seeds and Olive Oils are all examples of healthy fats that support overall health and help control blood sugar levels.These fats can promote satiety, increase insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of heart disease.

4. Low -fat dairy products

Discard milk, low -fat yogurt and cheese contain calcium, protein, and vitamin D. These substances are essential to mothers’ bone health and help the baby’s growth.

5. Non -starchy vegetables

The content of carbohydrates in broccoli, spinach, cauliflower and sweet peppers is low, while the necessary vitamins and minerals are high.These vegetables are ideal choices to maintain a balanced diet and effectively control blood sugar levels.

If you have gestational diabetes, you should quit soda water and sweet drinks such as soda and sweet drinks from your diet. Their sugar content is very high, which will cause the blood sugar level to increase rapidly and provide air -heating.

Three foods that cannot be eaten during pregnancy:

1. Refined carbohydrates

It should be restricted or completely avoid white bread, sugar -containing grains, cakes and processing snacks.These foods can lead to rapid blood glucose levels, almost no nutritional value.

2. Capable fat and saturated fat

Experts say that fried food, fat and high -fat dairy products increase the risk of insulin resistance and heart disease.

3. Excessive salt points

Try to stay away from foods with high sodium content such as canned soup, processing meat and fast food.These foods can cause water retention and increase the risk of hypertension.

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