Ms. Li, 34, began to have an early pregnancy reaction after 30 days of pregnancy. At first, it was nausea and vomiting without appetite, and did not care.As the pregnancy week increases, the pregnancy vomiting is getting heavier and heavier. When you smell the special taste, you are nauseous. He can bear to spit out if you eat something or drink water, and even vomit bitter water and blood.The burning sensation was also accompanied by symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, palpitations, and then Ms. Li decided to try to be hospitalized for systematic intervention.The admission examination found that Ms. Li had disorderly disorders and urinary ketone bodies, which were the results of pregnancy drama vomiting.After two weeks of potassium supplementation, western medicine symptomatic treatment, and traditional Chinese medicine therapy such as acupuncture, acupuncture acupuncture beans, acupuncture presses, and the reasonable diet guidance and intervention of doctors and nutritionists, Ms. Li’s body was obviously recovered, and occasionally only slightly slightly slightly mildThe nausea, various inspection indicators also returned to normal, and successfully gave birth to "thousands of gold" 8 months later.In this regard, Ms. Li urged everyone to pay attention to pregnancy vomiting. She should not "bear it". Severe pregnancy must ask for help from doctors and nutritional experts in time to seek resolution.
So, what are the nutritional needs of pregnant women?How should I manage diet during pregnancy?When encountering nausea and vomiting, is there any suitable food therapy to choose from?In this regard, Professor Wu Hocho, the president of the World Chinese Medicine Society Federation of Reproductive Medicine, chief expert of the National Chinese Medicine Research Base, and Professor Wu Hi of the National Key Discipline of Traditional Chinese Medicine University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
What are the nutritional needs of pregnant women
Reasonable nutrition during pregnancy is beneficial to the normal development of the fetus and the health of mother and baby.In addition to maintaining the nutrients required by the metabolism of their body metabolism daily, pregnant women also provide energy for fetal growth and development in the body.Nutrition, as the most important environmental factors, has a profound impact on the recent and long -term health of mothers and children.Poor dysfunction during pregnancy is not only close to a series of diseases such as abortion, premature birth, dystocia, dead fetus, deformed fetus, low birth weight, huge fetus, anemia during pregnancy, prelimuar hemority, pregnancy diabetes, postpartum bleeding, etc.Growth and metabolism laid huge hidden dangers.From this perspective, the reasonable intake of pregnant women’s nutritional balanced diets consisting of diverse foods is very important for improving the health of maternal and infants.
For pregnant women, protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, inorganic salts and trace elements, and dietary fiber are indispensable.
The amount of total thermal energy during pregnancy has continued to increase, including providing thermal energy required to provide fetal growth, placenta, parent tissue growth, protein fat storage and enlarged metabolism.There is no additional "kinetic energy" in early pregnancy. After 4 months of pregnancy, to childbirth, an increase of 200 kcal daily on the basis of the original basis.The main thermal energy of Chinese residents comes from the staple food. Pregnant women should consume 200-450 grams per day.
The amount of protein is increased during pregnancy. There is no additional protein supplementation in the early pregnancy. The growth of fetal growth in the middle and late pregnancy accelerates, and the protein is increased by 15 grams/day in the middle of pregnancy.The main source of protein is animal foods such as fish, poultry, eggs, lean meat and dairy products.
Carbohydrates are the main substances that provide energy, accounting for about 50%-60%of the total heat.In the middle and late pregnancy, you can add about 35 grams of main grain daily.
Fat accounts for 25%-30%of the total energy. Too much consumption will lead to overweight and can easily cause pregnancy complications.Foods such as such as have certain benefits.
Vitamins are necessary for regulating body metabolism and maintaining a variety of physiological functions. Especially in the early days of embryo development, insufficient supply or excess may increase the risk of fetal deformity.They all need to be constantly steady vitamins.
Calcium, magnesium and trace elements such as iron, zinc, iodine, etc. in inorganic salts are all indispensable nutrients for fetal growth and development. Once it is lacking, it is easy to cause the fetal dysplasia, fetal malformations, and physiological anemia of pregnant women.
Dietary fiber is not absorbed by the human body, but it can reduce the absorption of sugar and fat to increase blood sugar. Eat more foods rich in dietary fiber during pregnancy.
How to do dietary management during pregnancy
During pregnancy, we must focus on diet management and arrangements.
In early pregnancy, pay attention to the following points.
Diet should be light and palatable: Foods should be easy to digest, which is conducive to reducing pregnancy reactions, including fresh fruits and vegetables, soybeans, fish, poultry, eggs and grain products.
Eat less and more meals: The frequency, quantity, type, and time of eating should be adjusted in time according to the severity of the appetite and pregnancy reaction of pregnant women, and it should be promoted to eat less meals to ensure the amount of eating.
Active foods rich in carbohydrates: In the early pregnancy, you should ensure at least 130 grams of carbohydrates per day. The first choice of digestible grain and valley foods such as 200 grams of wheat flour or 180 grams of rice.
Take more foods rich in folic acid and replenish folic acid: Folic acid deficiency in early pregnancy, which is easy to bring risk of fetal nerve tube malformations or premature birth.Pregnant women should do a good job of "homework" from planning to pregnancy, consume more animal liver, dark green vegetables and beans rich in folic acid, and it is recommended to supplement 400-800 mg of folic acid daily.
Quit smoking and alcohol: nicotine and cyanide and carbon monoxide in smoke in tobacco and cigarettes can cause fetal hypoxia and malnutrition and delay in development.Alcohol can also penetrate into the fetus through the placenta, causing dysplasia in the fetus and abnormal development of central nervous system.
In the middle and late pregnancy, the following points should be paid more attention.
Properly increase the intake of protein: First of all, it is necessary to appropriately increase the intake of protein such as fish, poultry, eggs, lean meat, increase 50 grams per day in the middle of pregnancy, and increase by 75 grams in the third trimester.Fish, especially deep -sea fish, contain more twenty -two carboninic acid, which is beneficial to the development of fetal brain and retinal development. It is best to eat 2-3 deep sea fish 2-3 times a week.
Properly increase the intake of milk: milk is not only rich in protein, but also a good source of calcium.Starting from the middle of pregnancy, at least 250-500 grams of dairy products should be consumed daily, and 600 mg of calcium should be supplemented.
Appropriate increase in iodine intake: The recommended intake of iodine during pregnancy is 230 micrograms/day. In addition to the adherence to the choice of iodized salt, pregnant women should also consume 1-2 times a week, such as kelp and seaweed, such as kelpEssence
I often eat iron -rich foods: Pregnant women are high -incidence people with iron deficiency anemia. Considering the needs of fetal iron reserves, we can start to increase iron intake in the second trimester, add 20-50 grams of red meat daily, eat 1 per week— 2 times animal organs or blood.
Moderate exercise: Middle -intensity physical activity at no less than 30 minutes of daily, such as walking, gymnastics, swimming, etc., which is conducive to appropriate weight growth and natural delivery.
Quit smoking and alcohol: Tobacco and alcohol have obvious toxic effects on all stages of embryonic development, so they should stay away from tobacco and alcohol.
How to choose common food therapy
Wu Diake introduced that Chinese medicine will vomit, dizziness and anorexia in early pregnancy, and even those who eat as "pregnancy abuse". According to the fourth diagnosis, the pregnancy resistance is generally divided into stomach deficiency, liver fever, and phlegm stagnation three.The type of syndrome, different certificates of pregnant women with corresponding food therapy prescriptions.
Pregnant women with weak spleen and stomach can try ginger juice fried glutinous rice in "Encyclopedia of Encyclopedia of Diseases".The method is to put 250 grams of glutinous rice and 3 spoons of 3 spoons of ginger juice together in a wok, stir -fry the fire to the glutinous rice blasting, research the powder, 1 tablespoon each time, 2 times a day, boil water.Or use cardamom ginger fried slices in "Gynecological Diseases and Avoid Handbook".The method is to squeeze 3 grams of white cardamom, cut 6 grams of ginger, cut 60 grams of thin pork, put a small amount of oil in the pot, fried shredded pork with martial arts, a little salt, put it in Cardamom, put it in the minced cardamom, put it in, put it into the minced cardamom, put it into the minced cardamom.Ginger shredded, stir -fry into the plate, and can be taken continuously.
Pregnant women with liver and stomach can drink catfish soup.The method is to wash 50 grams of fresh 芫荽 and chop them; wash 10 grams of fresh perilla leaves and shred it; 10 grams of ginger to peel and shred it; wash 100 grams of catfish meat and cut into thin slices.Mix the raw oil, ginger, perilla leaves, soy sauce, and marinate for 10 minutes.Put the water in the pot, boil, add fish fillets, and cook until it is ripe. Add the appropriate amount of salt and MSG, and drink it.Usually you can also prepare some ginger black plums, namely 10 grams each of the black meat and ginger, put an appropriate amount of brown sugar into the pot together, add 500 ml of water, fry the fire to 200 ml, drink 100 ml each time, 2 times a day.
Pregnant women who are blocked in sputum dampness can choose amomum steaming catfish.The method is to remove 5 grams of amomum. Remove the scales and internal organs of 250 grams of fresh catfish. Stir the soy sauce, salt, and amomum.Steam it on the cage and eat it once a day.Or drink Xiangkou two bean soup in "Food of Chinese Medicine".The method is 50 grams of lentils and 100 grams of red beans and boiled soup. After the beans are cooked, add 6 grams of Huoxiang leaves and 3 grams of white cardamom to boil. Go to the incense leaves and white cardamom and add salt to season.
Wu Xiaofeng reminded that in the early stages of pregnancy, you must pay attention to eating less meals, choose light and refreshing, easy -to -digest foods; eat less greasy, spicy, irritating, and gas -producing foods; eat more dry foods, such as sesame cakes, biscuits, roasted steamed bun slices, Bread slices, etc., you can eat a small amount of ginger juice before meals.Drink plenty of water, eat more fruits and vegetables to prevent constipation.At the same time, record the rough time of pregnancy. When this time comes, you can eat soda biscuits, choose a lighter taste, and drink a glass of honey water at the same time to relieve constipation.
Wu Xiaoshi suggested that you must insist on eating breakfast to avoid empty stomach.If you vomit during meals, it is recommended to stop temporarily. You can take deep breath, or listen to music, walk, and then continue to eat after alleviating.
(Yi Xiaofeng Wei Shizhen Gao Wei)
Wu Jiudo, President of the Reproductive Medicine Professional Committee of the World Chinese Medicine Society, Dean of Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital, Chief Expert of the National Chinese Medicine Research Base, Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, National Key Discipline Leader, Heilongjiang "Headan" team leader, Heilongjiang UniversityExperts of special allowances of the State Council.