Introduction: In today’s era, it is no longer the three highs. In fact, it has become four highs. In addition to hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia, high uric acid has become a more serious chronic disease.
Judging from the current data, my country has high uric acid, and gout has more people than people with diabetes. Specifically, the intake of uric acid and purine substances has inseparable relationships. Uric acid is a metabolites for the decomposition of human purine nucleotide.
Only by preventing high uric acid in science, can we avoid gout and kidney disease caused by rising uric acid. Therefore, in daily life, we must fully understand food and know which foods to eat and what foods should not be eaten.
First of all, what is uric acid?
Uric acid is a kind of metabolic product produced by human metabolism.It is a terminal product generated by the decomposition of purine nucleotide.Purine is an organic compound that exists in food. There is also a certain amount of purine in the human body. It will continue to produce and decompose during the metabolism of cells.
Purine nucleotide is first decomposed into a purine ribosic acid by enzymes, and then further decomposes into uric acid.The uric acid is dissolved in the blood and excretes the body through the kidneys.
Under normal circumstances, the production and excretion of uric acid in the body remain balanced and will not cause problems.However, when the emergence of uric acid is too much or inadequate, the concentration of uric acid in the body increases, which can easily lead to the formation of uric acid crystals, causing gout and other uric acid -related diseases.
Gout is a chronic inflammatory joint disease caused by uric acid crystals in joints and surrounding tissues.The crystallization of uric acid may also form uric acid stones in the kidneys, leading to urinary tract obstruction and kidney damage.
The level of uric acid is affected by various factors, including eating habits, genetic factors, renal function and weight.If you are worried that excessive uric acid will lead to related diseases, it is recommended to consult a doctor and conduct relevant examination and diagnosis.
Can the gout can eat bitter gourd?
There is indeed a certain relationship between bitter gourd and high uric acid. Bitter gourd contains a substance called bitter gourd alkali, which forms insoluble uric acid after merging with uric acid and hinders the excretion of uric acid, which leads to an increase in uric acid levels.
For gout patients and patients with high uric acid, the level of uric acid level is an important problem. Therefore, it is best to avoid eating bitter gourd during gout attacks or severe increased uric acid.
Bitter gourd contains a substance called bitter gourd alkali. The bitter gourd alkali will increase the production of uric acid and inhibit the excretion of uric acid. Therefore, it is best to avoid eating bitter gourd during the occurrence of gout or severe increased uric acid.
For the daily diet adjustment of gout patients, the main goal is to reduce the intake of high purine foods to help reduce uric acid levels.
High purine foods include animal viscera, seafood, red meat, beer, etc. On the contrary, low purine foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low -fat dairy products can be eaten in moderation.
For gout patients, the adjustment of diet is very important. Bitter gourd is a kind of fruit and vegetable. Its nutritional value is high, but for gout patients, it is necessary to consider whether bitter gourd can be eaten.
Doctor reminds: If you want to reduce uric acid, eat 8 things less
1. High purine food: Purine is the forefront of uric acid. Too much intake will lead to an increase in uric acid levels.Caviar, eel, crab meat, venison, pork liver, etc. are high purine foods, which should be avoided or restricted.
2. Internal organs: Animal organs such as liver, kidney, etc. contain high purines, and should be restricted.
3. Meat: Red meat and poultry skin contain high purines, which can reduce intake in moderation.
4. Seafood: Shrimp, clams, crabs and other purine -rich seafood should pay attention to controlling intake.
5. Alcohol: Alcohol can interfere with the process of uric acid excretion. Try to avoid drinking, especially beer.
6. Carbonated beverages: phosphate in carbonated beverages will inhibit uric acid excretion and avoid excessive intake.
7. Dessert: Excessive intake of sugar and high -sugar foods can interfere with uric acid metabolism, and should reduce desserts with higher sugar intake.
8. Coffee: Some studies have shown that excessive drinking coffee may be related to high uric acid levels and should be consumed in appropriate amount.
In addition to diet, can these 7 methods also reduce uric acid?
1. Increase physical exercise: Moderate aerobic exercise can help promote the excretion of uric acid, such as fast walking, jogging, swimming, etc.
2. Maintain appropriate weight: There is a relationship between obesity and high uric acid level. Reducing weight can reduce uric acid levels.
3. Balanced intake: Increasing moisture intake can increase the volume of urine and promote the excretion of uric acid.
4. Avoid overwork: Excessive fatigue and stress may lead to higher uric acid levels, and should rest and reduce stress.
5. Control the use of drugs: certain drugs, such as caffeine, aspirin, and diuretic, may increase uric acid levels and should be used with caution.
6. Moderate drinking: Alcohol intake should be moderate. Excessive drinking will interfere with uric acid excretion.
7. Avoid a large amount of purine food: In addition to food restrictions, excessive intake of supplementary products, oral liquid or food additives, etc., should also be avoided as much as possible.