14 pregnancy

After entering the middle of pregnancy, the fetus gradually stabilized, and the pregnant mothers also began to say goodbye to the early pregnancy response to enter a relatively comfortable and stable period.During this period of pregnancy, examinations are not frequent. The main reason is that the discharge and determining whether the nutrition is sufficient, and it is convenient for pregnant mothers to know the health of themselves and the fetus at any time, conditioning and treatment at any time.Next, we will say that the main production test items are done during the middle of the pregnancy in the middle of the pregnancy?What do pregnant mothers pay attention to when doing these check -up items?

Examination during pregnancy: early and middle -term Tang family syndrome

Tang’s screening is divided into early and mid-term Tang’s screening, and the examination time is 10-13 gestational weeks and 15-20 gestational weeks, respectively.Donalding is based on blood drawing, combined with serum science indicators, expectant mothers’ age, gestational week, weight, etc., comprehensively calculate the probability of fetal syndrome, risk of chromosomal diseases and neural tube deformities.

Note: ① Early and middle Tang sieves must be carried out within the specified weeks; ② Whether it is early or mid -term Tang sieves, it must be kept on an empty stomach.

Tips: Tang Si is a risk screening that cannot be diagnosed or deformed.Therefore, the results of the inspection are high risk or critical risk of Tang’s, obey the doctors’ arrangements, and further do non -invasive DNA or amniotic fluid puncture examination.

For elderly pregnant women ≥ 35 years old, pregnant women who suspect that the fetus may be abnormal in chromosomes or other high -risk situations does not need to be used as Tang sieves, but it is necessary to directly do non -invasive or amniotic fluid puncture.Which pregnant women must do non -invasive or amniotic fluid puncture?

Pregnancy hypertension

The result of the measurement of blood pressure is "systolic blood pressure/diastolic pressure". Under normal circumstances, it should be that high pressure is less than 140mmHg, and the low pressure is less than 90mmHg.Pregnancy hypertension (referred to as pregnancy hypertension) is a unique and common disease of women during pregnancy. It refers to symptoms such as hypertension, edema, proteinuria, etc. after 20 weeks of pregnancy, which is excessive and disappeared after childbirth.It is a unique disease of pregnancy and is one of the main causes of pregnant women and siege.

Precautions: Each birth of pregnant women must measure blood pressure at each postpartum in order to discover abnormal blood pressure and deal with it in time to reduce the harm to pregnant women and fetuses.

Reminder: Women with hypertension or stems of eclampath in pregnancy will increase the risk of hypertension in the future. Even after 50 years, the probability of hospitalization is still high due to hypertension -related diseases.The danger of women’s stroke is 4 times that of women with normal blood pressure during pregnancy.

Weight management during pregnancy

Weight is a item that is measured at every checkup.The weight management during pregnancy is mainly to calculate the weight and height before pregnancy: BMI = weight (kg)/square (meter) of height, and then check the interval of the following calculated value according to the calculated value, you can determine how much your weight gain during pregnancy is appropriate.Essence

During the pregnancy weight reference table

This table is for reference only, because in general, the weight of pregnant women in the middle of pregnancy will still grow steadily, but the growth rate of growth in the third trimester will be fast, so you need to measure the weight on a regular basis, adjust the diet and exercise according to the weight changes, adjust the diet and exercise, take the exercise, put the exercise, put the exercise, put the exercise, put the exercise, and put the exercise.The weight growth control is controlled within a reasonable range.If the weight increases too fast, pregnant women are prone to hypertension, diabetes, long stretch marks, and the difficulty of recovering postpartum body will increase. In addition, it is prone to huge children and difficulty in giving birth.Nutrition, lack of nutrients, and slow development of fetal palace.

Fetal heart rate

The fetal heart rate refers to the heart rate of the fetus. It is the number of heartbeats of the baby per minute. The fetal heart sound sounds like the "bombardment" of a small train.During the check-up, the doctor will measure the fetal heart rate through the fetal heart. The normal heart rate of the fetus is 110 times/minute-160 times/min.The fetal heart rate is abnormal; when the fetal heart is monitored, it is found that the fetal heart graphic is abnormal, which is often used to indicate the abnormal fetal heart.

Reminder: Traditionally says that "the fetal heart rate is less than 140 times/min is a boy, and the girl is higher than 140 times/min." In fact, it is not accurate.

Measure the size of the uterus in the uterus

The height of the uterus is referred to as the palace high, which refers to the length from the union of the lower abdomen to the bottom of the uterine. It is one of the data that judges the size of the uterus.With the growth of pregnancy, the uterus will increase with the development of the fetus. Doctors will also preliminary judgment on the pregnancy through the measurement of the palace height and abdominal circumference, and indirectly understand the growth and development of the fetus. The fetal weight is estimated.If abnormalities such as fetal development and huge children are found, it can be treated in time.

How to measure the high palace high

Measted a comprehensive judgment of pregnant women’s abdominal circumference and palace high

The abdomen is the value measured by the belly button for a week.The values of the abdominal circumference and palace height can be used to evaluate the size of the uterus and the growth and development of the baby.The same weight, you can refer to the below comparison of the abdominal circumference.

Pregnancy of pregnant women’s abdominal circumference

However, each pregnant woman is different and thin and thin. It is necessary to compare the size and body size of the abdomen and body before pregnancy.In addition, the due date is not accurate, which will also lead to the deviation of the data. Therefore, it is recommended to do a B -ultrasound in the 12th gestational week. Doctors will calculate the accurate due date according to the results of the B -ultrasound. If the number of pregnancy weeks is too large, the B -ultrasound willThe inspection calculation period is not accurate.

Note: If the palace height or abdominal circumference is not in line with the number of pregnancy weeks, the cause of B -ultrasound is required; if the palace height changes for two consecutive weeks, pregnant women need to be vigilant.Too large values: twins, too many amniotic fluid, huge children, etc.; Too small: dead tires, slow development of fetal palace, too little amniotic fluid, etc.

Another thing to remind expectant mothers: If pregnant women have insufficient food supplement, start to supplement calcium in March.In addition, according to your own situation, it depends on whether to supplement iron to prevent anemia during pregnancy.

Well, the warmth deer has been introduced to you about what kind of inspection items must be done in the second trimester of pregnancy.When you go to the hospital for a birth checkup, you must also wear clothes and shoes that are easy to wear, easy to wear, and take the inspection form, inspection reports and mother -child health manuals to avoid loss.

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